High blood pressure symptoms: Hypertension signs include blurred vision
High blood pressure affects more than 25 per cent of all UK adults, according to the NHS.
The condition, which is also known as hypertension, puts extra stress on blood vessels and vital organs.
Signs of high blood pressure are difficult to spot, as hypertension rarely causes visible symptoms.
But, you could be at risk of high blood pressure if you often have blurred vision, it’s been revealed.
Having high blood pressure can affect patients’ eyesight and even lead to eye disease, said medical website WebMD.
Hypertension damages the blood vessels surrounding the retina, which can lead to blurred vision, it said.
The condition is known as hypertensive retinopathy, and it can be serious if left untreated.
“Hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the area at the back of the eye where images focus,” said WebMD.
“A person typically won’t experience symptoms of mild to moderate hypertensive retinopathy; it is usually discovered during a routine eye exam.
“Symptoms of more severe and accelerated hypertension might include headaches and vision problems.
“An eye care professional can diagnose hypertensive retinopathy.
“The best way to treat hypertensive retinopathy is to adequately control your blood pressure.”
Hypertensive retinopathy can be diagnosed by spotting spots on the retina, which are known as cotton wool spots.
A swelling of the macula and optic nerve, or bleeding in the back of the eye, could also be signs of the condition.
You can control blood pressure by maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and by taking blood pressure medications as prescribed, it added.
High blood pressure symptoms also include chest pain, or shortness of breath.
The symptoms could be caused by the heart having to work harder to pump blood around the body.
Hypertension could also cause the aorta to tear. This is known as a hypertensive emergency.
Hypertensive emergency symptoms include severe chest pain or abdominal pain.
You can check whether you’re at risk of high blood pressure by speaking to a doctor or pharmacist.