Diabetes type 2 symptoms: High blood sugar signs include weight loss
Diabetes affects about 3.7 million people in the UK – 90 per cent of which are caused by type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by the pancreas not producing enough of the hormone insulin, or the body not reacting to insulin.
Insulin is needed by the body to convert sugar in the blood into useable energy.
One of the more common signs of diabetes is going to the toilet a lot more often than normal – especially at nighttime.
Passing more urine than normal may be a sign of type 2 diabetes, according to charity Diabetes UK.
“These symptoms occur because some or all of the glucose stays in the blood, and isn’t being used as fuel for energy,” it said.
“The body tries to reduce blood glucose levels by flushing the excess glucose out of the body in the urine.
“High levels of glucose being passed in the urine are a perfect breeding ground for the fungal infection which causes thrush.”
Using the toilet more often than normal can lead to dehydration. That’s why some patients may have an unquenchable thirst.
Extreme tiredness could be a sign of diabetes, as the sugar in the blood isn’t fully converted into energy.
Other symptoms include losing weight without trying to, having cuts or wounds that take longer to heal than normal, and having blurred vision.
“If you have any of the symptoms of diabetes, you should contact your GP,” said Diabetes UK.
“It doesn’t necessarily mean you have diabetes, but it’s worth checking – early diagnosis, treatment and good control are vital for good health and reduce the chances of developing serious complications.”
Leaving diabetes untreated can lead to some deadly complications, including heart disease and strokes.
Early diagnosis is crucial, as it allows patients to control their blood sugar levels sooner, which lowers the risk of the complications.
Making some diet or lifestyle changes could help diabetes patients to better control their blood sugar.
There aren’t any foods that diabetics should actively avoid, but they should keep the amount of sugar, fat and salt in their diet to a minimum.
If patients decide to make changes to their diet plan, it’s important to make easier, smaller changes every week, instead of drastically changing in one go.
Physical activity helps to lower blood sugar levels, too.
All UK adults should aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity every week.
Diabetes: Four common symptoms
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high.
There are two main types – type 1, when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells, and type 2, when the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin.
Type 2 is more common that type 1, with 90 per cent of all diabetics in the UK having type 2.
Going to the toilet a lot more than usual, especially at night, is a common sign of diabetes.
Urinating frequently is also a sign of other medical issues, such as prostate problems, so be sure to visit your GP to have diabetes confirmed.
Excessive thirst, otherwise known as polydipsia, is a classic sign of diabetes.
It is linked to frequent urination. As excess glucose builds up in the blood, the kidneys are forced to work extra hard to filter and absorb the excess sugar, and if they can’t keep up, the excess sugar is excreted into urine, taking along fluids from body tissue.
This triggers more urination, which may leave diabetics dehydrated.
High levels of blood sugar can cause the lens inside the eye to swell, which can result in blurred eyesight.
Very low blood sugar levels can also cause blurred vision.
If you aren’t trying to lose weight, and you notice a loss of muscle bulk or the numbers on the scales drop, this could be a sign of diabetes.
This happens because insufficient insulin prevents the body from getting glucose from the blood to the cells to use as energy.
The body will then start burning fat and muscle for energy, causing weight loss.